November 2020 marked the 75th anniversary of the Nuremberg Trials, which would not conclude until April 1949. This effort in international jurisprudence was an attempt to bring some sort of closure to a world torn apart by the globe's greatest industrialized war.
War criminals were brought to justice, yet the collective guilt of the German people was to be avoided, only their leaders were prosecuted. Outstanding personalities will be highlighted, from across the board: from outstanding American jurist, Justice Robert Jackson, champion of Rule of Law to the likes of defendants such as Hermann Goering.
Week One: Background to the Trials
Mark will share the historical aspects and backdrop for the trials, beginning with the 1914-1918 chapter of the Great War. He will discuss the issue of collective guilt as brought forth by Article 231, where Germany and Associated Powers were deemed responsible for the 1914 conflict. This was such a mistake that the supporters of the Nuremberg Trials sought to avoid in 1945, by bringing to justice those guilty of War Crimes and not convicting the entire German nation.
Mark Albertson is the historical research editor at Army Aviation magazine and is a long-time member of the United States Naval Institute. In addition, Mark teaches history at Norwalk Community College. His courses include: World War I and Iraq: Creation of Colonialism; A History, Vietnam; A History, World War I; The Turning Points of World War II; The Great Patriotic War: The Titanic Clash Between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union; and American Empire: Grand Republic to Corporate State.
In May 2005, Mark was presented with a General Assembly Citation by both houses of the state legislature in Hartford for his effort in commemorating the centennial of battleship Connecticut.