Trial of the Century: Nuremberg. November 2020 marked the 75th anniversary of the Nuremberg Trials, which would not conclude until April 1949. This effort in international jurisprudence was an attempt to bring some sort of closure to a world torn apart by the globe's greatest industrialized war.
War criminals were brought to justice, yet the collective guilt of the German people was to be avoided, only their leaders were prosecuted. Outstanding personalities will be highlighted, from across the board: from outstanding American jurist, Justice Robert Jackson, champion of Rule of Law to the likes of defendants such as Hermann Goering.
Week Two: Effort in International Jurisprudence
Mark will discuss how the leading allied powers, in association with the Governments-in-Exile representing nations in Nazi-occupied Europe, came together to form what would become, the United Nations War Crimes Commission. The convening of the trials, November 20, 1945 and the first convictions, were that of the major war criminals. Mark will breakdown the trials held in Nuremberg and explain why those of lesser criminals convened in the countries in which they perpetrated their crimes. Mark will also highlight a number of those brought to justice, such as: Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess, Julius Streicher, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg, Fritz Sauckel, Rudolf Hoess (Commandant at Auschwitz), and Otto Ohlendorf.
Mark Albertson is the historical research editor at Army Aviation magazine and is a long-time member of the United States Naval Institute. In addition, Mark teaches history at Norwalk Community College. His courses include: World War I and Iraq: Creation of Colonialism; A History, Vietnam; A History, World War I; The Turning Points of World War II; The Great Patriotic War: The Titanic Clash Between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union; and American Empire: Grand Republic to Corporate State.
In May 2005, Mark was presented with a General Assembly Citation by both houses of the state legislature in Hartford for his effort in commemorating the centennial of battleship Connecticut.